Wednesday, April 25, 2018

Veritas in lucem emergit.

In contrast to put endings on verbs, aka conjugation, declension is to put endings to nouns and adjectives. The 3rd declension of nouns are usually learnt after the 1st and 2nd declension.

Monday, April 2, 2018

Esse an non esse?

In this lesson, irregular verb sum and possum are learnt.
sum, esse,   fui,              futurum: be
I am, to be, have been, going to be

And pot- (can, be able).
possum, posse, potui: be able, can
pot- add some be yield can/be able to, the rules are simple: pot- or pos- if the be verb stats with "s".


Miser Catulle, desinas ineptire!

In this lesson, subjunctive mood was induced. Changing a verb into subjunctive mood from indicative mood is to add vowel "a" and personal endings.

Indicative is to tell the truth, to point out something. Subjunctive mood is to exhort or tendence. Imperative mood is to command someone to do something (always command the 2nd person).

Veni, vidi, vici

Latin verbs can exhibit their number, person, tense, voice and mood. In this lesson, only present tense indicative mood is considered.
  • Personal endings of words
    • -o/-m first person singular
    • -mus first person plural
    • -s second person singular
    • -tis second person plural
    • -t third person singular
    • -nt third person plural
The present tense: ago
The infinite form: agere
The perfect tense: egi
The supine form: actum


In principio

Genesis 1:1-3

In principio creavit Deus caelum et terram.
Terra autem erat inanis et vacua.
Et tenebrae super faciem abyssi et spiritus Dei ferebatur super aquas.
Dixitque Deus fiat lux et facta est lux.


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